The Job Description, Career Future, and Qualifications needed to become an Anesthesiologist

Anesthesiologists are responsible for administering anesthesia while a patient is undergoing a surgery or medical procedure as well as for supervising the nurse anesthetists. Their job also includes tasks, such as consulting with other doctors, evaluating patient’s health, managing the anesthesia doses as well as choosing the right type of anesthesia for a particular patient.

Where do Anesthesiologists work?

Anesthesiologists are required in many settings, from hospital surgical units, labor and delivery unit to intensive care, dental offices, and outpatient surgical centers.  Furthermore, for those who prefer university settings, there are many research and teaching positions opened. The number of employed anesthesiologists in the USA in 2010 was 34,820, which is going to increase by 22% in the next ten years as predicted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics

What are the Academic Qualifications?

If you want to work as an anesthesiologist, you will have to devote 12 years of your life, four years for an undergraduate program and a minimum of eight years for the post-graduate studies. As an undergraduate, you can major in chemistry, biology, or medicine, so that you will be better prepared for the post-graduate program. As a post-graduate, you will spend four years at a medical school, a year as an anesthesiologist intern and a minimum of three years finishing a residency program, although for most, it takes four years for a residency program to be finished. Many anesthesiologists opt to finish a fellowship program as well, which will last an additional year.

During the first year of your residency, you will gain experience in performing fundamental anesthesia under a trained eye of an experienced anesthesiologist. Next, you will start working in the broaden anesthesia sub-specialties range, which will include critical care, neuroanesthesia, obstetric, and cardiovascular, while the third year will prepare you for how to deal with the most difficult cases. This will give you a fair idea of what you want your subspecialty to be. In case you want to work as a researcher or a teacher, you will need to join the research-intensive academic track program during your third year as well.

Fellowship programs will give you an opportunity to concentrate on a subspecialty that you find interesting. During these programs, you will develop technical knowledge and deep intuition regarding the human physique related to the subspecialty as well as be faced with the most difficult cases regarding anesthesia. Subspecialties included in the programs are pediatric, trauma, obstetric anesthesiology, and cardiothoracic.

How to get a Certificate?

After you have finished your internship and residency programs, you can pass an exam that will certify you as an anesthesiologist. The certification can be issued by the American Board of Physician Specialties. Alternatively, you can opt for the one from the American Board of Anesthesiology. Both of these exams have an oral and written part as of April 2011, with the written part consisting of 250 for the ABA’s test and 200 for the ABPS’s test. The questions are not the open type ones, but rather multiple-choice ones, which means that the answers are provided; you just need to circle the right one, or the right 250 for that matter.

The jobs you can do if you have a degree in sports science

With a sports science degree, you will have an opportunity to work in several different settings on several different positions, including being a P.E. teacher, physical therapist, fitness manager and athletic trainer.  The choice ultimately depends on the degree you acquire. Depending on how committed you are as well as how many years you want to spend in school, you can earn an associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s degree or even a doctorate.

Working as a Physical Education Teacher

For those who want to work in the school settings, be it an elementary, high school or college, performing the tasks and responsibilities of a physical education teacher, you will need to obtain a college degree in sports science, with courses that emphasize physical activity. In addition to a degree, you will need to obtain a license, after you have earned a teaching credential that is approved by the state.

Working as a Physical Therapist

Getting a degree in science will also set you on the right path if you want to work as a physical or occupation therapist. If you want to become a physical therapist, you will have to finish a Doctor of Physical Therapy program and earn a doctoral degree, whereas for those of you who want to practice therapy occupationally can do that with a master’s degree. Both programs include courses such as athletic injuries, exercise physiology and kinesiology, which will prepare you for the job you will do.

 As a physical therapist, you will be responsible for rehabilitating patients who have undergone a disease or injury that has left them physically disable; whereas, as an occupation therapist you will help those who are physically challenged to overcome the obstacles in their everyday tasks.

Working as an Athletic Manager

Working as an athletic manager you will be responsible for planning the athletic events, which will be held at public schools and universities. Hence why, it is advisable to concentrate on a course that will give you a strong grasp on sports management, sports marketing, sports even management as well as financial accounting. You can also opt for a program that specializes in athletic training, as your main responsibilities as an athletic manager or director will include working with different individuals, either students or professional athletes, in order to prepare them for their participation in an athletic event.

Working as a Fitness Manager

Fitness managers can be found in fitness centers, training facilities as well as in private practices, where they perform different tasks, from designing fitness programs and overseeing their staff members to marketing their services and scheduling appointments. Hence why, it is important that you attend a program, which offers courses in nutrition, health promotion as well as fitness management.

If sports sciences is something that you have been keen on and are willing to spend several years getting the proper education and a degree, you can work in different positions, such as the ones mentioned above.

How much do Medical Administrative Assistants earn per year?

For those with excellent organizational skills who want to work in the medical settings, applying for a medical administrative assistant might just be the right thing. That the prospects seem bright for this occupation in the next ten years shows the report by the BLS, which states that there will be a whooping 31% increase in the employment rate for the medical administrative assistants. This figure is a little less surprising when we think about all the places where medical administrative assistance can work, from outpatient care centers and hospital to local governments, psychiatric hospitals and research centers.

Average Salary in May 2012

Medical administrative assistants earned on average $30,550 per year, whereas the top ten percent earned as much as $41,570 and the bottom ten earned as little as $21,080 according to the BLS. Thus said, several factors influenced the salary in the year 2012, the major ones being experience, location and industry.

Salaries based on the Experience

If we are to look at the figures for the general administrative assistants provided by in December 2013, we can seen that those with less than a year of experience earned anywhere between $21,520-$40,401, whereas one-four year experienced administrative assistants brought home salaries from $23,681 to $43,561. The higher salaries were reserved for those with five to nine years of experience and ten to nineteen years of experience earning them annually between $25,341-$48,387, $27,160-$52,442 respectively while those with over twenty years of experience had between $28,014 and $56,003.

Salaries based on the Location

According to the location, the highest paid countries in 2012 were the District of Columbia and Alaska, with an average salary ranging from $37,800 and $39,900. Massachusetts, Washington and Hawaii fall second on the list of highest paying countries with the reported average salary of dollars 34,000, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The worst was for those working in Alabama, Utah, Ohio, Arkansas and West Virginia, as they were paid the least, with an average salary ranging from $22,460 to $28,140. Mexico recorded the highest employment rate with the salary approximately $28,220 per year.

Salaries based on the Industry

Work place for medical administrative assistants can be quite versatile, from hospitals and physician offices to research companies, insurance firms, psychiatric hospitals and local governments. However, the salary differs from one industry to another. The highest salary was recorded by the medical administrative assistants working in psychiatric hospitals and centers for substance abuse. They earned approximately $ 42,250 per year, according to the data provided by BLS in May 2012. On the other hand, those employed in the industries of general medical and surgical hospitals, as well as outpatient centers and other health practitioners had an average salary of $31,750, $27,420 and $31,980 respectively. Medical administrative assistants were hired the most by the physicians working in the private practice with an average salary of $30,740.

Research online for further understanding of what medical administrative assistants actual do, as well as what education is needed to become one.

How much can a Radiography Tech Earn?

As a radiography technologist or technician, you will be responsible for properly operating medical equipment, such as X-ray, magnetic resonance, mammography and computer tomography, in order to capture bones and internal organs on images.  Your tasks will include informing the patients on the procedure that they will undergo, as well as make sure that they are prepared for it, i.e. that they have removed all jewelry as well as that they fulfill all the requirements. The crucial task of your job will be to position the patients correctly, so that the procedure should not be repeated. During your job, you will have to wear protective clothing as well as know everything there is to know about the safety, so that you can protect not only yourself, but also the patients.

 Average Radiography Tech’s Salary

According to the BLS report from May 2012, radiography tech earned about $56,450 per year, with the top ten percent earning $77,160 and the bottom ten percent earning as little as $37,060. The report also showed that there is a difference between the industries, from those working at a university or college with the average salary of $66,810, to those working in scientific research with the average salary of $61,570; whereas, radiography techs working in special hospitals, insurance careers and employment services had an average annual salary of approximately $61,000.

General medical and surgical hospitals were the ones that employed the most radiograph technicians, paying them $56,590 on average. The second place went to the physicians’ offices that paid their techs about $55,070; whereas laboratories, outpatient centers and the government came third, fourth and fifth, paying their employees $56,740, $57,210 and $58,800 respectively.

Radiography Tech’s Salary by States

Another factor that greatly influenced the salary of radiography technicians was the location, or state where they practice medicine. Those working in Massachusetts, Alaska, the District of Columbia and Hawaii were paid the highest, with the average salary ranging from $82,080 to $66,610.  On the other hand, the states that offered the lowest salary were Kentucky, Alabama, Nebraska, Iowa and Louisiana with the average wages ranging from $25,860-$48,710.
As for the experience, those with less than a year brought home paycheck ranging from $34,290-$50,868, whereas those with one to four years experience had wages anywhere from $28,188 up to $61,277. The most experienced ones had a salary between $25,627 and $63,616, according to new report by the

What does the future holds for Radiography Techs?

Being a radiography tech is not a bad thing in the future, as there is a predicted 21% growth in job employment of techs in the next ten years. The chances of getting an excellent job increase with every specialization that you take, that is those who deal with several different diagnostic imaging equipment have far better chances of being employed and earning more than those who specialize in one equipment, such as radiography techs, according to the research conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

5 Steps to for all those who want to become a Pharmacist

To work as a pharmacist, you will need to earn a degree as a Doctor of Pharmacy alongside with a state board’s license.

Pharmacist’s responsibilities

Pharmacists are professional working the field of medicine, who provide the prescribed drugs to the patients.  It is their task to make sure that every prescription corresponds to the right medicine, that dosage is right as well as work with other experts to evaluate new treatments and medicine. In addition, they provide advice to patients, regarding their medication, such as possible side effects, storage and brands. In case with patients with chronic disease, such as diabetes, asthma, or high blood pressure, they often interact with them in order to help them manage their diseases. Experience pharmacists often take on a role of an instructor, training the new pharmacy students and interns how to perform different tasks, such as register substances, keep records of prescriptions etc.

Step 1: Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree or Pass the Pre-Pharmacy Program

A degree in Doctor of Pharmacy, Pharm. D. is needed to obtain the pharmacist license, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In order to qualify for the Pharm. D. program, you can either complete a two-year pre-pharmacy program or earn a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy science after you have successfully finished a four-year program. You can enroll to a Pharm.D program with both bachelor’s degree and a pre-pharmacy program; however, there are schools that prefer bachelor’s degree applicants. Each program generally covers subjects in physiology and anatomy, chemistry, and biology. The program of bachelor’s degree also covers pharmacology, pharmaceutics, biochemistry, as well as toxicology.

Step 2: Get a Pharm.D. Degree

After you have successfully enrolled a Pharm.D. program, you will spend the next four years studying courses, such as chemistry, biological, and physics, since they are being applied in the pharmaceutical sciences. During your later years of studying, the curriculum changes its focus from science to clinical based program, incorporating courses such as pathology, therapeutics, and pharmacokinetics. The final year is reserved for the hands-on experience gained at the outpatient care centers, hospitals, and community clinics.

Step 3: Get the License for Pharmacist

To be a pharmacist in the United States, a license is a must. After completing your Pharm. D., a test used by all states, the North American Pharmacist Licensure Exam must be completed. The NAPLEX is a computer-based exam and it consists of 185 questions, which will test your ability of producing and supplying medicine, evaluating health data, and measuring therapeutic results.

In addition, many states require pharmacists to finish a 90-question Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence test, which is designed to test the legal part of the pharmaceuticals knowledge.

Both these tests are administered by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy. Depending on your state, you might have to complete an extra exam.

Step 4: Think About Postgraduate Preparation

As a Pharm.D. graduate, you can further your training through pharmacy fellowships or residencies, which usually last from one to two years.  The choice of which program to choose depends on the job you want to perform. For example, if you are interested in clinical settings, you should complete a residency, whereas those interested in research and working in laboratory, should invest their time in fellowship program.

Step 5: Study the Work Settings Probability

Pharmacists can work in different work settings, from grocery and department stores to personal care and retail health stores. In 2008, 65 % of 269,900 pharmacists worked in the retail settings and 22 % worked in hospitals. The rest of them were employed in federal agencies, physicians’ offices, and wholesale industry.


How to Become a Practicing Lawyer

Becoming a lawyer is for the persistent ones, as the education itself lasts for seven years. On top of that, there are different licenses that one needs to acquire prior to start practicing the law, hence why many students don’t finish it. For the ones who do, the reword comes in the form of the salary as well as the employment opportunity.

The Average Salary that the Lawyers make

As an inexperienced layer, you will earn on average about $79,960, according to the latest report from the Whereas, the lawyers who have been working for two to five years can expect to be paid $108,680 on average, while the ones with five to eight years of experience will bring home the salary worth $146,191. Present seems quite bright for the lawyers. The future is not too dim either, with an expected 10% growth in employment rate in the next decade.

Responsibilities of the Lawyer

As an integral part of our everyday existence, lawyers can be found in every aspect of today’s society, from advisers and advocates to counselors, defenders, mediators and prosecutors. As seen, lawyers occupy different positions, hence why their responsibilities depend on the place of the work. However, some of the most general tasks include providing advice to their clients regarding the rights they have, file charges in case when they are asked by their clients to do so as well as mediate between two opposing parties. Some lawyers are employed in corporations to represent them and their legal affairs in court.

Education you need to practice law

Law schools are highly selective places, as many students wish to enroll them. Hence why, they accept only students who have finished a bachelor’s program and earned a bachelor’s degree. Even though, there is no special required major, it is best to take classes, such as politics, English, or business, as they will help you in the later studies. After the 4-year program, you are required to finish a law school that can last from two to four years, where you will spend the first year concentrating on broader courses, such as legal writing, or constitutional law and the second concentrating on the law that you would like to practice, such as criminal, civil, environmental, bankruptcy or international law. After you have finished the law school, you will earn a J.D. degree, or Juris Doctor.

The next step to becoming a lawyer is to get a license from the state, which you will acquire once you pass the bar test. In most countries, this bar exam is the Multistate Bar Examination. In addition to the bar exam, some states will ask you to pass an ethics test as well.

Practicing law can be a thrilling job, especially for those who enjoy advising people as well as working in court. So if you think that this might be the right job for you, do a little research about the best law schools that exist.

How much does a SWAT Team Member earn?

A SWAT team member is a special weapons and tactics police officer who works in high-risk situations every day. Wages for police officers and SWAT team members can be different, especially as the SWAT team members receive a significant pay for overtime hours.

What is the average annual pay and compensation of a SWAT team member?

As stated before, a SWAT team member is a specially instructed police officer. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics declared that the average annual income of a police officer was a little over 51,000 dollars in the year 2008. In the year 2009, the same agency declared that SWAT team members had an average annual salary of about 57,000 dollars for those employed by the state, that is about 51,000 dollars for those employed in local SWAT teams and approximately 46,000 dollars per year for those employed by federal SWAT teams. The supervisor of a SWAT team had an average annual salary of almost 70,000 dollars.

The salary of a SWAT team member is also influenced by education and experience. With every year of experience, the salary of a SWAT member increases. As the job includes plenty of overtime hours, a SWAT member can earn substantially more than the average salary seems to be.

Tuition reimbursement

To become a police officer, you have to obtain a high school diploma, but some police departments request from their employees to have a degree or at least one to two years of college. To become a SWAT team member, you have to go through special training. Many police departments partially or fully pay the tuition and training for those with the law enforcement degrees. They will also pay higher salaries for the SWAT team members after they obtained their degree.

What other benefits and compensations does a SWAT team member receive?

Typically, the benefits package of a SWAT team member incorporates medical insurance, sick leave, life insurance, paid vacation, as well as an allowance for uniforms. A SWAT team member can retire after 25 to 30 years of service at a half salary due to a liberal pension plan.

What are the requirements for a SWAT team member position?

SWAT team members usually work full – time from the police department every day. This can be either detective work or patrol. When a high-risk situation that needs crisis intervention arises, the SWAT team members are called into action. As a SWAT team member, you will have exceptional firearms skills, an excellent physical condition, and training for SWAT team duties, which include assault skills and negotiation techniques. You will also have to pass a psychological evaluation and a fitness test to show that you are fit to work in pressurized situations.

A workweek for the SWAT team member lasts 40 hours. Entry-level SWAT team members also work on holidays, weekends and evenings. It can be a stressful and dangerous job because you will be constantly exposed to death and suffering in situations that demand someone who will stay calm and collected.

About the medical examiner position

Medical examiners are doctors that study cadavers in order to determine the cause of someone’s death or to learn more about some less known diseases. This position is definitely not for the squeamish, as the sites and smell are far from pleasant. If you are sure that this is where you want your career to go, read further to find out about the responsibilities you will have as a medical examiner, education needed as well as the average salary per year.

What are the responsibilities and duties of a medical examiner?

Also known as coroners, medical examiners have a principal role of determining the cause of someone’s death, more specifically if it occurred naturally, accidentally or intentionally (for example, if it was a homicide or suicide). If you choose this career path, you will be trained as a forensic pathologist. Consequentially, you will have to examine corpses so you can precisely determine the cause of death, acting like an anatomical pathologist and studying cells, tissue, organs, as well as bodily fluids. Using these studies, you will be able to understand diseases and causes of death better. Some of your responsibilities as a medical examiner include analyzing DNA, blood and other samples, performing autopsies, more often than not testifying in court.

What are the educational requirements for a medical examiner?

The same as any other doctor, you will have to obtain a medical degree. After obtaining the degree, you can start your residency program in pathology, after which you should finish a forensic pathology fellowship. Although many teaching hospitals offer residencies in forensic pathology, a fellowship will definitely help you in your future positions. The medical studies that are beneficial for this line of work include autopsies, pathology, toxicology, biology, radiology and phlebotomy.

As a medical examiner that performs autopsies for the police force, you may have to testify in court as an expert witness in civil and criminal trials. Furthermore, you will have to visit crime scenes and work closely with detectives. Therefore, it might be useful to take a course in criminal justice or law, as it will give you a good grasp on forensic analysis, evidence collection or chain custody.

How much does a medical examiner earn on an average?

In accordance to, the average annual salary of medical examiners ranged between 19,000 to 87,000 dollars on a national basis. Since medical examiners work for the county and not the state, there is a big inconsistency between salaries as the local counties have different budgets. A medical examiner’s salary is also influenced by his or her position. For instance, a higher-level coroner is known as a chief medical examiner. The chief medical examiner is the head of the department and other medical examiners report to him.

If you have a passion for solving mysteries, or learning about less known diseases, and you can not be easily intimidated, you should definitely take a medical examiner position into consideration, as the prospects for it seems to be good.

Everything you need to know about a pediatrician position

The medical doctors that deal with examining, diagnosing, preventing and treating injuries and diseases in children (starting from infancy and to young adulthood) are called pediatricians. In order to become a pediatrician, you have to know the education you need and the requirements for obtaining a license.

What will your responsibilities be as a pediatrician?

The most important responsibility of a pediatrician is giving children, including infants and teenagers, the best healthcare. Besides examining young patients, diagnosing and treating them, you also have to observe that they develop properly over the years, both mentally and physically.

You will need to be well equipped with knowledge, so that you can figure out what the source of pain or discomfort is and to choose the correct treatment plan. In addition, your interpersonal skills have to be enhanced, as you will have to communicate with children and their guardians in an effective way.

Some of the pediatrician’s responsibilities include recording the medical history of patients, talking about examination results with the patients and their guardians, counseling them on nutrition, hygiene, proper diet as well as other important factors. A pediatrician may also work closely with other specialized doctors in order to provide a better and more effective healthcare.

How much can you earn as a pediatrician?

The American Medical Association declared that almost ten percent of the active doctors were working in Pediatrics in year 2007. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 22 % increase in the employment of pediatricians in the next ten years, which seems to be a greater rate than other occupations have. A pediatrician’s income can be influenced by the industry of employment, experience and location, but the average annual salary that was reported in May 2010 was about 155,000 dollars.

What is the education needed so that you can become a pediatrician?

First of all, to become a pediatrician you have to go through a four-year college program after which you will be ready to enroll a medical school. These four years you will spend studying for a Doctor of Medicine degree. On the other hand, you can opt for a Doctor of Osteopathy degree depending on your interests. The first two years of the medical school will be reserved for classroom education as well as some laboratory work. Whereas the last two years will be reserved for gaining experience in clinical settings, under the supervision of licensed doctors. After graduating from the medical school, you will have three years of residency where you will train and gain hands-on experience in the specialty you have chosen. After completing your residency, you will earn a license to practice medicine in the field you have chosen. Even though this license is recognized by many institutions, there are employers who will request you to earn a certificate that is issued by the American Board of Pediatrics. This board is certified and they are a part of the American Board of Medical Subspecialties.

How to become a SWAT team member?

 SWAT is shortened from Special Weapons and Tactics teams and consists of volunteers from the police force that have highly developed skills in medical response, firearms and rescuing. If your aim is to become a SWAT team member, you have to be in accordance with the requirements and have specialized training. Being a SWAT team member is seen as an honor and a privilege. Continue reading to find out about the requirements you need to fulfill in order to be accepted in that highly selective group.

What are the training requirements for becoming a SWAT team member?

First of all, being a police officer and having complete knowledge of police procedures and policies are a must. You also have to be in an outstanding physical shape and you have to show that you have superior firearms skills. SWAT teams are the first to respond when there is a highly risky situation, such as bomb threats or keeping a hostage. Hence why, many SWAT members are employed at specialized positions, such as crisis negotiators, tactical emergency medical responders, snipers or grenadiers.

How can you become a police officer?

As stated before, in order to become a SWAT member you have to be a police officer first and therefore finish the police academy training. This can last from 12 to 14 weeks. During this time, you will cover courses, including state and federal law, civil rights, traffic control, local ordinances, accident investigation, emergency response, self- defense, patrol and firearms.

In most cases, you will have to have between one to three years of experience as a police officer before you can actually apply for a SWAT position. Working as a police officer will enable you to enhance your skills, such as shooting, better your physical condition and study tactical operations, which will help you fulfill the minimum standards requested by SWAT.

Applying for the SWAT team

After applying, you will undergo a selection process and take a few tests. Among these, a thorough physical test and a psychological assessment are included, and also a firearms test that shows your expertise in firearm handling and knowledge about the weapon’s mechanics. A review board may interview you and there is a possibility of an extensive background check.

After you have been chosen to be a part of the SWAT training process, you will have to go through numerous phases of the training, starting from basic to specialized and then to advanced. The SWAT training consists of learning how to make high-risk arrests, crowd and riot control, room clearing, small arms usage, sniping, obstacle courses, hostage negotiation and recovery, defense driving, and rappelling (or abseiling). Usually, after becoming a SWAT team member you have to continue training all the time, while you are a member of the team. All SWAT members have to be expert expert shooters and have a specialized position in the team. While some are medics or negotiators, others can have advanced skills in handling weapons etc.